Avengers #69 (October, 1969)

In his Introduction to the 2008 Marvel Masterworks volume reprinting this issue, scripter Roy Thomas compliments his artistic collaborator Sal Buscema for the “dramatic yet difficult cover”, noting that “it’s always hard to have a bunch of little guys fighting one big guy — and Goliath’s in-between size just complicated things further.”  That’s undoubtedly true; but my recent re-reading of Thomas’ words in preparation for writing this post reminded me of another cover that met the very same challenge, with at least a couple of the same characters — namely, Sal’s big brother John’s cover for Avengers #45, which came out almost exactly two years prior to Avengers #69, and which also just so happens to have been not only my first Avengers comic, but my first Marvel comic, period.  There’s no good reason why any of that should be particularly significant to anyone except me, I realize; but I hope you’ll pardon my momentary self-indulgence in deciding to highlight it here anyway. 

Of perhaps more interest to a broader section of this blog’s readership is the anticipation my twelve-year-old self felt, back in August, 1969, regarding this issue’s promised appearance by Kang the Conqueror.  I already knew a bit about this time-traveling villain, thanks to his appearance in an episode of the 1967 Fantastic Four animated TV series in his original guise of “Pharaoh Rama-Tut”, as well as his turning up under yet another name, that of the “Scarlet Centurion”, in 1968’s Avengers Annual #2.  And in the very same month that I picked up Avengers #69, I also bought Fantastic Four Annual #7, which featured a reprint of a tale from 1964’s FF Annual #2 in which Rama-Tut meets the present-day super-villain Dr. Doom, and the two malevolent masterminds decide — for no especially convincing reason — that they might possibly be the same person existing in two different times, despite the fact that neither baddie has any memory of ever having been the other guy.  I can’t say for sure whether I read this story before I read Avengers #69 (FF Annual #7 is supposed to have come out a week before the Avengers book, but that doesn’t necessarily mean that I bought or read them in that order), though I suspect I did.  Assuming that’s so, it would just have added to the mystique of, and heightened my interest in, a major Marvel villain whom I so far had yet to actually see in his “main” villainous identity.

My interest wouldn’t be immediately satisfied, however, as Roy Thomas and Sal Buscema (with inker Sam Grainger) began their first chapter of what would prove to be a three-part story (the final Avengers continued story for a while, alas) with a scene that, I’d soon discover, tied into the current storyline in Iron Man:

The footnote by “Stan and Roy” in panel 2 advises readers who’d already picked up and perused Iron Man #19 that this story takes place after that one.  It’s possible that I was one of those readers, since IM #19 appears to have arrived on stands a week before Avengers #69, and I did buy a copy while it was new.  But since I was only buying Iron Man occasionally at this point, and had in fact not bought the previous issue (which guest-stars the Avengers, and leads directly into Avengers #69) I’m inclined to think that I went back to the store and snagged the Armored Avenger’s latest adventure only after reading this tale of his fellow Assemblers, which (as we’ll see) will conclude with Tony Stark’s fate still unresolved.

The mighty Thor, whose whereabouts were on the minds of his fellow Avengers at the end of page 2, unsurprisingly shows up on the very next page — as does his fellow old-timer, Captain America.  It’s worth noting that neither of these stalwarts were technically supposed to be “active” Avengers during this time (nor, for that matter, was Tony Stark’s alter ego, Iron Man).  But, beginning around issue #66, Roy Thomas had begun dropping one or more of the “Big Three” into Avengers stories on a semi-regular basis; eventually, the “semi-” would be forgotten about, and it would be almost like Goldilocks, Winghead, and Shellhead had never really left.

There’s no mention of it here, but this was in fact not Dr. Jose Santini‘s first rodeo involving the super-beings of the Marvel Universe.  He had  previously appeared in Fantastic Four #68-70, in which he was kidnapped and then impersonated by the Mad Thinker as part of the latter’s plot to deceive and then destroy the FF.  In that storyline, he was an expert in chemistry and cosmic radiation; in this one (as will be more fully explained in Iron Man #19), he’s a specialist in synthetic tissues, and their potential applications for medical use in humans.  Still, it’s obviously the same guy; after all, genius-level scientific polymaths were practically a dime-a-dozen in the Marvel Universe of the 1960s.

Emerging from the wastebasket into the hospital corridor, the mysterious “doll” is seen by the two S.H.I.E.L.D. agents, who fear it may be some sort of ambulatory bomb, and attempt to grab it.  Unfortunately for them both, the diminutive figure is super-strong; and the only effect that a shot from one of the agent’s “blasters” has on it is to make it grow

Thor had indeed encountered the Growing Man a couple of years previously in the pages of his own series, in a story which –like all the early Kang/Rama-Tut tales — was the work of the Conqueror’s creators, Stan Lee and Jack Kirby.  In that 16-page adventure, Kang had buried the Growing Man in the 20th Century to hide him away until the day he chose to break him out as a secret weapon against his enemies, in his own far-future time.  (Seems like a complicated strategy, but what do I know?)  The Growing Man was accidentally unearthed in New York City, and proceeded to run amok, getting bigger all the while.  The “stimuloid” was opposed by Thor, but the battle had ended inconclusively, when Kang himself showed up and “de-energized” the Growing Man to shrink him back down to doll-size.  Kang had then attempted to return to the future with his now travel-sized android weapon, only to have Thor use his hammer to entrap the villain’s time machine within “a universal infinity vortex!”  The Thunder God had believed his action had banished both Kang and the Growing Man “beyond all time… beyond all place…” — though, as our present tale makes obvious, at least one (and so probably both) somehow managed to escape that fate.

Game to match the stimuloid size for size, the new Goliath, aka Clint Barton, shoots up to his maximum height — but the strain makes him woozy, and the Growing Man downs him with a single blow — which, of course, makes him grow larger still.  Then, before the pursuing Avengers can take further action…

The double-page spread by Buscema and Grainger which follows, giving us our first view of Kang (not counting the cover), may lose some of its impact in its constrained presentation here, but trust me — in print, it’s very impressive:

The tale of Kang’s ill-starred love for Ravonna had been told in Avengers #23 (Dec., 1965) and #24 (Jan., 1966) by Stan Lee and Don Heck.  The princess of a people conquered by Kang in the future, Ravonna was initially (and understandably) disdainful of his amorous attentions, but had ultimately fallen in love with him; and, in the story’s climactic scene, had apparently sacrificed her own life to save the Conqueror from a traitorous general’s assassination attempt.  The Avengers (who at that time comprised the so-called “Kooky Quartet” of Captain America, Hawkeye, Quicksilver, and the Scarlet Witch) had been in the process of being returned to their own time just as these events were unfolding, however, and so had never learned exactly how things had worked out.

The Avengers — Thor, especially — don’t much care for Kang’s attitude, and say so.  Kang promptly sends a squad of soldiers against them; but before the brouhaha can really get underway, a voice calls out (from off-panel) for everyone to halt.  The Avengers turn to see who it is, and…

This is the first appearance of the Grandmaster, who would of course go on to make many, many more appearances across Marvel’s comic book line (not to mention its movies) over the next five decades.  Eventually, he’d be revealed to be one of the “Elders of the Universe” — but as far as we readers knew back in August, 1969, he was one of a kind.

Modern artistic interpretations tend to shave a few inches off the top of the guy’s cranium, but otherwise, Sal Buscema’s original character design has come down through the last half-century basically intact.

We do indeed learn the results of Dr. Santini’s efforts in Iron Man #19 — and we’ll have more to say about them in our post about Avengers #70 next month — but for now, suffice it to say that Tony lives, OK?  (Big surprise, I know.)

A guy carrying a small but super-powerful light-emitting object as his weapon…

A muscular dude wearing a cape, with an emblem on his chest…

Another guy wearing a pointy cowl, and generally going for a “creature of the night” look…

And, finally, a fella who can run really, really fast.

Surely my twelve-year-old self, who’d been reading DC Comics’ Justice League of America since 1965, must have immediately recognized these four brand-new Marvel villains as obvious parodies of the JLA’s foremost four heroes, right?

Er, well… wrong.  I didn’t, actually.

But to learn more about my secret shame, you’ll have to come back next month, when the blog takes a look at Avengers #70.  I do hope I’ll see you then.  (No, really, I do.)


  1. Joseph Conteky · August 24, 2019

    Don’t feel too bad Alan, I share your secret shame too. I’d also been a JLA fan for year but missed the connection to the Squadron Sinister and had to have it pointed out to me. Something else that should have helped my realisation along but didn’t is that fact that with the omission of the ‘Superwoman/Wonder Woman’ character, the Squadron is basically the Crime Syndicate of Amerika.

    Liked by 2 people

    • Alan Stewart · August 24, 2019

      Joseph, good observation regarding the CSA. As to the original Squadron’s lack of a Wonder Woman analogue, I think the main reason is that if Roy Thomas had included one, he’d have had to match her against the Wasp — which would have made for a painfully short battle.


  2. Haydn · August 24, 2019

    Maybe it’s Sam Grainger’s fine inking, but early Sal Buscema looks a lot like his brother John’s work, at least to my eyes.

    Liked by 2 people

    • Alan Stewart · August 24, 2019

      Haydn, I agree. Sal B. would develop a more distinctive style of his own within a year or two, but at this point he was very much channeling his older brother.

      Liked by 1 person

  3. Pingback: Avengers #70 (November, 1969) | Attack of the 50 Year Old Comic Books
  4. Stuart Fischer · December 2, 2019

    The Grandmaster was one of my favorite villains in 1969! Unfortunately, I wasn’t that thrilled with everywhere this story went, particularly The (once and future) Invaders part two issues later. Back in 1969, I didn’t catch the JLA comparisons to the Squadron Sinister either, but I don’t see why you (and other commenters) are kicking yourselves. In the first place, how many Marvel/D.C. characters are copies of one another in general (e.g., Green Arrow/Hawkeye, Sub-Mariner/Aquaman, Ant Man/the Atom, the Flash/Quicksilver)? Quite frankly, those examples are a heckuva lot closer than Green Lantern/Dr. Spectrum and even Nighthawk/Batman if you don’t know (as was the case in this first appearance) that Kyle Richmond is a rich playboy or that Hyperion isn’t just another dime-a-dozen super-powered alien. Finally (also “quite frankly”?), comics-historian extraordinaire Rascally Roy Thomas ought to be ashamed of himself for calling the Flash copy “The Whizzer” when Marvel (Timely) had a Golden Age hero by the same name.

    Liked by 2 people

    • Alan Stewart · December 2, 2019

      Stuart, I’m sorry to hear you didn’t enjoy the proto-Invaders back in the day — but to each their own, right? 🙂 That’s a good point you make about the similarities between already existing Marvel and DC characters, though I still think that the assemblage of those particular four “alternate Justice Leaguers” was a pretty big clue to what Roy Thomas was up to. As regards Thomas nicking the name of the Golden Age Whizzer for his pseudo-Flash, I figure he did it knowingly, in the same spirit as he’d appropriated the name (and something of the look) of the Golden Age Vision a year before.

      Liked by 1 person

      • Stuart Fischer · December 2, 2019

        I forgot about Roy’s appropriation of the Vision (although I recently read your post about that, sorry). I will say that Roy’s using the “new” Whizzer in the same storyline where he used the 1940s heroes (of which the original Whizzer was one) is a little odd. Perhaps the Grandmaster was a reader and fan of Timely Comics back in the 1940s. 😀

        Liked by 2 people

        • Alan Stewart · December 3, 2019

          As I touched on in my earlier Avengers Annual #3 post — and get into a bit more with the posts on Avengers #70 and 71 that follow this one — my impression is that at this point the Marvel brass (and perhaps just Stan Lee) hadn’t yet decided how much of the publisher’s pre-1961 stuff was to be considered Marvel Universe canon, beyond the obvious “fact” of Cap, Subby, and the original Torch having been active in the Forties. This treatment of the old Timely or Atlas heroes as “comic book characters” continues on into the end of the Kree-Skrull War, when Rick Jones conjures up the original Vision and others from the remembered comics of his boyhood. It wasn’t until the mid-Seventies, when Lee was no longer running the day-to-day comics operation, that Roy Thomas seems to have felt free enough to bring the “real” Whizzer, Miss America, and so forth into official Marvel continuity.

          Liked by 1 person

          • Stuart Fischer · December 3, 2019

            Thanks Alan! I did not know this. Serves me right for commenting before reading your later posts on this series.

            Liked by 1 person

  5. Marcus · October 6, 2021

    I recall reading somewhere that the reason Roy and later Steve Englehart didn’t use a Wonder Woman (or Martian Manhunter) stand in is because they were not active JLAers at the time. I wondered why Roy didn’t use an Aquaman stand-in since he didn’t use the Wasp against anyone.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Alan Stewart · October 6, 2021

      Interesting! I’m not sure about Englehart, but I always figured that Thomas capped the original Squadron Sinister at four just to keep the number of one-on-one battles down to what would fit in a single issue. 🙂 It”s a valid point in regards to the later Squadron Supreme “expansion” in Avengers #85, though.


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